The Hog Badger is a
curious and unique species which inhabits Southeast Asia's hill and montane forests
(reportedly to 3500 metres) and
adjacent habitats. It is the only species in the genus Arctonyx.
Though similar in size to the more familiar badgers of Europe and North
America, its appearance is quite different. Most notably, it possesses an
elongated pig-like snout and modified teeth which point forward and
are used for turning over the soil.
Its body fur is dark grey to brownish, and its tail pale yellow to white.
The throat and face are white, and there are two thick dark stripes on the
The Hog Badger is exclusively nocturnal and feeds mainly on roots, tubers
and fallen fruits. This diet is supplemented by forest floor invertebrates
and small vertebrates if available. By day it remains concealed in its
Within the species there is significant variance in skull shape and size,
and external appearance, thus three separate species are increasingly
recognised, namely Arctonyx collaris (Greater Hog Badger), A.
albogularis (Northern Hog Badger), and the smaller A. hoevenii
(Sumatran Hog Badger).
Hog Badgers occur in parts of eastern India, central
and southern China, Burma, Thailand, Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) and
Sumatra. They are not recorded in Peninsular Malaysia (or Singapore).
Figs 1 and 2 : Greater Hog Badger Arctonyx
collaris from Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. This specimen was
encountered at a roadside in thick, hill forest at an elevation of around
Fig 3 : Hill forest at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand.
Order : CARNIVORA
Family : Mustelidae
Species : Arctonyx collaris
Head-body length : 55-70 cm
Tail length : 12-17 cm
Weight : 7-14 kg
References : M5