The Northern Pig-tailed Macaque occurs in a range of
forest habitats including primary, secondary and heavily disturbed forest.
Two species of Pig-tailed Macaque are recognised -
a northern and a southern species.
Both species are easily distinguished
from other macaques by the short tail. The northern species is most easily
separated from the southern species by the presence of diagonal lines which
extend upwards from the corner of each eye. Other separating features
include a slightly shorter muzzle in the northern species.
This macaque feeds predominantly on fallen fruits and other foodstuffs on
the forest floor, but will readily climb into the canopy to check for
ripened fruits at its favoured trees.
In Southeast Asia the Northern Pig-tailed Macaque
occurs in Burma, Thailand and all three countries of Indochina (Vietnam,
Laos and Cambodia). Outside the region, its range extends westwards to
Bangladesh and parts of northern India, and to southern China.
Fig 1 : A lone male strides purposefully along a
main road passing through Khao Yai National Park, Thailand.
Figs 2 and 3 : The same specimen foraging for ripe fruits in hill forest.
Order : PRIMATES
Family : Cercopithecidae
Species : Macaca leonina
Head-body length : up to 58 cm
Tail length : up to 23 cm
Weight, male : 7-9 kg
Weight, female : 4-6 kg
References : M5