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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2017
   

 

   

 

 

Large Mammals of  Southeast Asia
 

There are around 5500 mammal species in the world, with at least 1000 species occurring in Southeast Asia.  Many of the region's mammal species are forest-dependant, which makes them difficult to study, particularly bats which are especially diverse.  Larger mammals such as Tiger, Asian Elephant and Orang Utan are well known to the general public, but the region also has some very curious species little known even in the countries they inhabit. These include the insect-eating Pangolin, covered in reptilian-like scales, and the Colugo which can glide from tree to tree by extending its broad gliding membrane.

The region also supports a complex diversity of smaller mammals including civets, tarsiers, squirrels, forest rats and treeshrews, some of which are illustrated here.  Bats, Primates, Carnivorans and Rodents are presented separately.

             
 
Colugos
(Dermoptera)
Pangolins
(Pholidota)
Elephants
(Proboscidea)
Tapirs
(Perissodactyla)
         
Colugo
Galeopterus variegatus
  Sunda Pangolin
Manis javanica   
  Asian Elephant
Elephas maximus
  Asian Tapir
Tapirus indicus
    
   
             
 

Cattle (Artiodactyla, Bovidae)

         
Gaur
Bos gaurus 
  Banteng
Bos javanicus   
  Wild Water Buffalo
Buvalus arnee     
  Chinese Serow 
Capricornis milneedwardsii   
   
             
 

Pigs  (Artiodactyla, Suidae)

             
Bearded Pig 
Sus barbatus      
  Eurasian Wild Pig
Sus scrofa       
 
 
 
 
 
 
             
 

Mousedeer  (Artiodactyla, Tragulidae)

             
Lesser Mousedeer
Tragulus kanchil      
  Greater Mousedeer
Tragulus napu 
 
 
 
 
 
 
             
 

Deer  (Artiodactyla, Cervidae)

           
Red Muntjac
Muntiacus muntjak  
  Javan Rusa
Rusa timorensis
  Sambar
Rusa unicolor  
       
             
 

Whales, Dolphins etc.  (Cetacea)

       
Humpback Whale
Megaptera novaeangliae
 
  Killer Whale
Orcinus orca
 
    Long-snouted Spinner Dolphin  Indo-pacific Bottlenose Dolphin
    Stenella longirostris                   Tursiops aduncus
  
Common Bottlenose Dolphin
Tursiops truncatus