Focussing on the vertebrate
 fauna of SE Asia
  

 

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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
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Large Mammals of  Southeast Asia
 

There are around 5500 mammal species in the world, with at least 1000 species occurring in Southeast Asia.  Many of the region's mammal species are forest-dependant, which makes them difficult to study, particularly bats which are especially diverse.  Larger mammals such as Tiger, Asian Elephant and Orang Utan are well known to the general public, but the region also has some very curious species little known even in the countries they inhabit, including the increasingly endangered insect-eating Pangolin, covered in reptilian-like scales.
 

             
 

Rhinoceroses (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae)
SE Asia : 2 species (worldwide 5 species)
 

Tapirs (Perissodactyla, Tapiridae)
SE Asia : 1 species (worldwide 5 species)
 
           
Sumatran Rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
  Javan Rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sondaicus
      Asian Tapir
Tapirus indicus
    
   
             
 

Elephants (Proboscidea, Elephantidae)
SE Asia : 1 species (worldwide 3 species)
 

Pangolins (Pholidota)
SE Asia : 3 species (worldwide 8 species)
             
Asian Elephant
Elephas maximus
      Sunda Pangolin
Manis javanica
       
             
 

Cattle, Buffalo, Goats, Sheep (Cetartiodactyla, Bovidae)
SE Asia : 12 species (worldwide >140 species)
 

       
 
Gaur
Bos gaurus 
  Banteng
Bos javanicus   
  Wild Water Buffalo
Buvalus arnee     
  Chinese Serow 
Capricornis milneedwardsii   
   
             
 

Pigs  (Cetartiodactyla, Suidae)
SE Asia : 11 species (worldwide 17 species)
 

Mousedeer  (Cetartiodactyla, Tragulidae)
SE Asia : 6 species (worldwide 10 species)
  
         
Bearded Pig 
Sus barbatus      
  Eurasian Wild Pig
Sus scrofa       
 
 
  Lesser Mousedeer
Tragulus kanchil     
  Greater Mousedeer
Tragulus napu   
             
 

Deer  (Cetartiodactyla, Cervidae)
SE Asia : 14 species (worldwide >90 species)
 

         
Bornean Yellow Muntjac
Muntiacus atherodes
  Red Muntjac
Muntiacus muntjak  
  Javan Rusa
Rusa timorensis
  Sambar
Rusa unicolor  
   
             
 

Whales, Dolphins etc.  (Cetartiodactyla, Cetacea)
SE Asia : 28 species (worldwide ~90 species)
 

       
Humpback Whale
Megaptera novaeangliae
 
  Killer Whale
Orcinus orca
 
    Long-snouted Spinner Dolphin  Indo-pacific Bottlenose Dolphin
    Stenella longirostris                   Tursiops aduncus
  
Common Bottlenose Dolphin
Tursiops truncatus