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Bats of  Southeast Asia
 

Globally bats (Order : Chiroptera) comprise around 20% of all mammal species, but this percentage rises in Southeast Asia where, at least locally, bats may comprise around 40% of all mammals.  They play an important role in pollination and seed dispersal in Southeast Asia's forests, yet remain amongst the least studied of the regions mammals.

Included here are examples of the huge Flying Foxes which can weigh over 1 kg and have wingspans of almost 1.5 metres, and the tiny Whiskered Myotis which hides amongst bamboo leaves and weighs just 6 grams. Larger bats are generally frugivorous (fruit eating), while smaller species tend to be insectivorous (insect eating).  Blood-sucking vampire bats do not occur in Southeast Asia, but are confined to Central and South America.

Mega-colonies of Miniopterus or Bent-winged bats occur where limestone caves afford sufficient roosting space. In parts of  Borneo such colonies may number over 100,000 individuals.

 
 

Fruit and Nectar Bats  (Pteropodidae)

                 
       
Sunda Flying Fox
Acerodon mackloti 
 
  Island Flying Fox
Pteropus hypomelanus
 
  Lyle's Flying Fox
Pteropus lylei
 
  Spotted-winged Fruit Bat
Balionycteris maculata
 
  Lesser Dog-faced Fruit Bat
Cynopterus brachyotis
    
        _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Conservation Links :


Bat Conservation Intl.

SE Asia Bat Conservation
Research Unit


SE Asia Bat Database
_______________________
Forest Short-nosed Fruit Bat  Cynopterus minutus    Cave Nectar Bat
Eonycteris spelaea   
  Dusky Fruit Bat 
Penthetor lucasi 
  Rousettes 
Rousettus spp.
 
                 

Sheath-tailed Bats  (Emballonuridae)

                 
         
Lesser Sheath-tailed Bat
Emballonura monticola  
  Pouched Tomb Bat
Saccolaimus saccolaimus
  Black-bearded Tomb Bat
Taphozous melanopogon
  Theobald's Tomb Bat
Taphozous theobaldi
   
                 

False Vampires  (Megadermatidae)

Hollow Faced Bats  (Nycteridae)
                 
             
Lesser False Vampire
Megaderma spasma   
        Hollow-faced Bat
Nycteris tragata 
     
               

Horseshoe Bats  (Rhinolophidae)

                 
         
Blyth's Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus lepidus 
  Lesser Woolly Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus sedulus   
Lesser Brown Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus stheno 
Trefoil Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus trifoliatus   
 
           

Roundleaf Bats  (Hipposideridae)

                 
       
Great Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros armiger
 
  Bicoloured Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros bicolor
 
Fawn Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros cervinus
 
  Diadem Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros diadema
 
Intermediate Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros larvatus 
 
               
Shield-faced Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros lylei    
               
               

Evening Bats  (Vespertilionidae)

                 
       
Woolly Bats
Kerivoula spp.
 
  Bent-winged Bats
Miniopterus spp.
 
  Whiskered Myotis
Myotis muricola
 
  Large-footed Myotis
Myotis spp.
   
Pipistrelles
Pipistrellus spp.   
   
             
Asiatic Lesser Yellow Bat
Scotophilus kuhlii
  Bamboo Bats
Tylonycteris spp.
                
               

Free-tailed Bats  (Molossidae)

                 
               
Naked Bulldog Bat
Cheiromeles torquatus