Focussing on the vertebrate
 fauna of SE Asia


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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2019





Bats of  Southeast Asia

Globally bats (Order : Chiroptera) comprise around 20% of all mammal species, but this percentage rises in Southeast Asia where, at least locally, bats may comprise around 40% of all mammals.  They play an important role in pollination and seed dispersal in Southeast Asia's forests, yet remain amongst the least studied of the regions mammals.

Included here are examples of the huge Flying Foxes which can weigh over 1 kg and have wingspans of almost 1.5 metres, and the tiny Whiskered Myotis which hides amongst bamboo leaves and weighs just 6 grams. Larger bats are generally frugivorous (fruit eating), while smaller species tend to be insectivorous (insect eating).  Blood-sucking vampire bats do not occur in Southeast Asia, but are confined to Central and South America.

Mega-colonies of Miniopterus or Bent-winged bats occur where limestone caves afford sufficient roosting space. In parts of  Borneo such colonies may number over 100,000 individuals.


Fruit and Nectar Bats  (Pteropodidae)

Conservation Links :

Bat Conservation Intl.

SE Asia Bat Conservation
Research Unit

SE Asia Bat Database
Sunda Flying Fox
Acerodon mackloti
Black Flying Fox
Pteropus alecto 
  Island Flying Fox
Pteropus hypomelanus
  Lyle's Flying Fox
Pteropus lylei
Spotted-winged Fruit Bat
Balionycteris maculata
  Lesser Dog-faced Fruit Bat
Cynopterus brachyotis    
  Horsfield's Fruit Bat
Cynopterus horsfieldii
Forest Short-nosed Fruit Bat  Cynopterus minutus  
Cave Nectar Bat
Eonycteris spelaea   
  Dusky Fruit Bat 
Penthetor lucasi    
Rousettus spp.  

Sheath-tailed Bats  (Emballonuridae)

Lesser Sheath-tailed Bat
Emballonura monticola  
  Pouched Tomb Bat
Saccolaimus saccolaimus
  Black-bearded Tomb Bat
Taphozous melanopogon
  Theobald's Tomb Bat
Taphozous theobaldi

False Vampires  (Megadermatidae)

Hollow Faced Bats  (Nycteridae)
Lesser False Vampire
Megaderma spasma   
        Hollow-faced Bat
Nycteris tragata 

Horseshoe Bats  (Rhinolophidae)

Blyth's Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus lepidus 
  Lesser Woolly Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus sedulus   
Lesser Brown Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus stheno 
Trefoil Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus trifoliatus   

Roundleaf Bats  (Hipposideridae)

Great Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros armiger
  Bicoloured Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros bicolor
Fawn Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros cervinus
  Diadem Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros diadema
Intermediate Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros larvatus 
Shield-faced Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros lylei    

Evening Bats  (Vespertilionidae)

Woolly Bats
Kerivoula spp.
  Bent-winged Bats
Miniopterus spp.
  Whiskered Myotis
Myotis muricola
  Ridley's Myotis
Myotis ridleyi   
Large-footed Myotis
Myotis spp.   
Pipistrellus spp.       
  Asiatic Lesser Yellow Bat
Scotophilus kuhlii
  Bamboo Bats
Tylonycteris spp.

Free-tailed Bats  (Molossidae)

Naked Bulldog Bat
Cheiromeles torquatus