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 fauna of SE Asia


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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2018





Carnivorans of  Southeast Asia

There are nearly 300 species in the order Carnivora, divided amongst 16 families.  Within Southeast Asia, around 60 species are  currently recognised in 9 families. Carnivorans have features evolved for the capture and consumption of meat, though some species have evolved away from a meat-based diet whilst retaining such features as large canine teeth, sharp claws and the ability to run fast. The most speciose groups in the region are the family Mustelidae, which comprises otters and martens, the civet family Viverridae, and the cat family Felidae which includes the iconic, but severely threatened, Tiger.


Cats : Felidae
SE Asia : 12 species (worldwide 41 species)

Asian Golden Cat 
Catopuma temminckii  
  Jungle Cat 
Felis chaus   
  Sunda Clouded Leopard 
Neofelis diardi   
Clouded Leopard 
Neofelis nebulosa 
Panthera pardus
    Other SE Asia species :
Catopuma badia - Bay Cat
Prionailurus javanensis - Sunda Leoaprd Cat
Prionailurus viverrinus - Fishing Cat
Panthera tigris  
  Marbled Cat
Pardofelis marmorata
  Mainland Leopard Cat 
Prionailurus bengalensis
Flat-headed Cat 
Prionailurus planiceps  

Civets : Viverridae
SE Asia : 15 species (worldwide 36 species)

Arctictis binturong
  Small-toothed Palm Civet
Arctogalidia trivirgata
  Otter Civet
Cynogale bennettii
Banded Civet
Hemigalus derbyanus
Masked Palm Civet
Paguma larvata
Common/Sumatran Palm Civet
Paradoxurus musangus 
   Malay Civet
   Viverra tangalunga
  Large Indian Civet
Viverra zibetha
Small Indian Civet
Viverricula indica
Other SE Asia species :
Chrotogale owstoni - Owston's Civet
Diplogale hosei - Hose's Civet
Macrogalidia musschenbroekii - Sulawesi Palm Civet
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus - Indian Palm Civet
Paradoxurus philippinensis - Philippine Palm Civet
Viverra megaspila - Large-spotted Civet

Linsangs : Prionodontidae
2 species, both in SE Asia

Banded Linsang
Prionodon linsang
  Spotted Linsang
Prionodon pardicolor  


Mongooses and allies : Herpestidae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 34 species)

      Other SE Asia species :
Herpestes semitorquatus - Collared Mongoose
Short-tailed Mongoose
Herpestes brachyurus
  Javan Mongoose
Herpestes javanicus
  Crab-eating Mongoose
Herpestes urva

Dogs and allies : Canidae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 35 species)

    Other SE Asia species :
Nyctereutes procyonoides - Racoon Dog
Golden Jackal
Canis aureus
Cuon alpinus
  Red Fox
Vulpes vulpes

Bears : Ursidae
SE Asia : 2 species (worldwide 8 species)

  Other SE Asia species :
Ursus thibetanus - Asian Black Bear
Sun Bear
Helarctos malayanus

Badgers, Martens, Weasels etc : Mustelidae, Mustelinae
SE Asia : 16 species (worldwide 44 species)

      Other SE Asia species :
Arctonyx albogularis - Northern Hog Badger
Arctonyx hoevenii - Sumatran Hog Badger
Martes foina - Stone Marten
Melogale everetti - Bornean Ferret Badger
Melogale moschata - Small-toothed Ferret Badger
Melogale orientalis - Javan Ferret Badger
Melogale personata - Large-toothed Ferret Badger
Melogale cucphuongensis - Cuc Phuong Ferret Badger
Mustela kathiah - Yellow-bellied Weasel
Mustela lutreolina - Indonesian Mountain Weasel
Mustela nivalis - Least Weasel
Mustela sibirica - Siberian Weasel
Mustela strigidorsa - Stripe-backed Weasel
Greater Hog Badger
Arctonyx collaris

  Yellow-throated Marten
Martes flavigula

  Malay Weasel
Mustela nudipes


Otters : Mustelidae, Lutrinae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 13 species)

      Other SE Asia species :
Lutra lutra - Eurasian Otter
Oriental Small-clawed Otter
Aonyx cinerea
  Smooth Otter
Lutrogale perspicillata
  Hairy-nosed Otter
Lutra sumatrana

Stink Badgers : Mephitidae
2 species, both in SE Asia :
Mydaus javanensis - Sunda Stink-badger (Teledu)
Mydaus marchei - Palawan Stink-badger