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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2017
   

 

   

 

 

Carnivorans of  Southeast Asia
 

There are nearly 300 species in the order Carnivora, divided amongst 16 families.  Within Southeast Asia, around 60 species are  currently recognised in 9 families. Carnivorans have features evolved for the capture and consumption of meat, though some species have evolved away from a meat-based diet whilst retaining such features as large canine teeth, sharp claws and the ability to run fast. The most speciose groups in the region are the family Mustelidae, which comprises otters and martens, the civet family Viverridae, and the cat family Felidae which includes the iconic, but severely threatened, Tiger.

 
 

Cats : Felidae
SE Asia : 11 species (worldwide 40 species)
 

       
Asian Golden Cat 
Catopuma temminckii  
  
  Sunda Clouded Leopard 
Neofelis diardi   
  
  Clouded Leopard 
Neofelis nebulosa 
  
Leopard
Panthera pardus
  
Tiger
Panthera tigris  
  
    Other SE Asia species :
Catopuma badia - Bay Cat
Felis chaus - Jungle Cat
Prionailurus viverrinus - Fishing Cat
Marbled Cat
Pardofelis marmorata
  Leopard Cat 
Prionailurus bengalensis  
  Flat-headed Cat 
Prionailurus planiceps  
   
             
 

Civets : Viverridae
SE Asia : 15 species (worldwide 36 species)
 

   
Small-toothed Palm Civet
Arctogalidia trivirgata
     
  Otter Civet
Cynogale bennettii
     
  Banded Civet
Hemigalus derbyanus
   
Masked Palm Civet
Paguma larvata
 
Common/Sumatran
Palm Civet
Paradoxurus musangus 
    Other SE Asia species :
Arctictis binturong - Bearcat, Binturong
Chrotogale owstoni - Owston's Civet
Diplogale hosei - Hose's Civet
Macrogalidia musschenbroekii - Sulawesi Palm Civet
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus - Indian Palm Civet
Paradoxurus philippinensis - Philippine Palm Civet
Viverra megaspila - Large-spotted Civet
Viverra zibetha - Large Indian Civet
Malay Civet
 Viverra tangalunga
  Small Indian Civet
Viverricula indica
       
             
 

Linsangs : Prionodontidae
2 species, both in SE Asia
 

         
Banded Linsang
Prionodon linsang
  Spotted Linsang
Prionodon pardicolor  
   
 

 
             
 

Mongooses and allies : Herpestidae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 34 species)
 

      Other SE Asia species :
Herpestes semitorquatus - Collared Mongoose
Short-tailed Mongoose
Herpestes brachyurus
  Javan Mongoose
Herpestes javanicus
  Crab-eating Mongoose
Herpestes urva
   
             
 

Dogs and allies : Canidae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 35 species)
 

  Other SE Asia species :
Canis aureus - Golden Jackal
Cuon alpinus - Dhole
Nyctereutes procyonoides - Racoon Dog
Red Fox
Vulpes vulpes
           
             
 

Bears : Ursidae
SE Asia : 2 species (worldwide 8 species)
 


 
  Other SE Asia species :
Ursus thibetanus - Asian Black Bear
Sun Bear
Helarctos malayanus
           
             
 

Badgers, Martens, Weasels etc : Mustelidae, Mustelinae
SE Asia : 16 species (worldwide 44 species)
 

      Other SE Asia species :
Arctonyx albogularis - Northern Hog Badger
Arctonyx hoevenii - Sumatran Hog Badger
Martes foina - Stone Marten
Melogale everetti - Bornean Ferret Badger
Melogale moschata - Small-toothed Ferret Badger
Melogale orientalis - Javan Ferret Badger
Melogale personata - Large-toothed Ferret Badger
Melogale cucphuongensis - Cuc Phuong Ferret Badger
Mustela kathiah - Yellow-bellied Weasel
Mustela lutreolina - Indonesian Mountain Weasel
Mustela nivalis - Least Weasel
Mustela sibirica - Siberian Weasel
Mustela strigidorsa - Stripe-backed Weasel
Greater Hog Badger
Arctonyx collaris


 
  Yellow-throated Marten
Martes flavigula


   
  Malay Weasel
Mustela nudipes


  
             
 

Otters : Mustelidae, Lutrinae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 13 species)
 

      Other SE Asia species :
Lutra lutra - Eurasian Otter
Oriental Small-clawed Otter
Aonyx cinerea
 
  Smooth Otter
Lutrogale perspicillata
 
  Hairy-nosed Otter
Lutra sumatrana
 
   
             
 

Stink Badgers : Mephitidae
2 species, both in SE Asia :
Mydaus javanensis - Sunda Stink-badger (Teledu)
Mydaus marchei - Palawan Stink-badger